2018年中考《英语》知识点归纳:话题语法【四篇】

2018-01-02 11:34 来源:网络综合
中考网权威发布2018年中考《英语》知识点归纳:话题语法【四篇】,更多2018年中考《英语》知识点归纳相关信息请访问中考网。

【导语】以下是无忧考网为大家整理的《2018年中考《英语》知识点归纳:话题语法【四篇】》供您查阅。祝大家考试顺利,考入理想院校。

【第一篇】

直接引语怎样变为间接引语

  窗体顶端直接引用别人原话,叫直接引语。用自己的话转述别人的话,叫间接引语。间接引语常用宾语从句表达。直接引语前后要用引号,间接引语不用引号。

  He Said: "I have seen the film." 他说:"我已经看过这部电影。"(直接引语)

  He said that he had seen the film.  他说他已经看过这部电影了。(间接引语)

  怎样把直接引语改为间接引语?

  1.根据意思改变人称。

  如:They said, "We are busy now."  (直接引语)

  They said that they were busy then.  (间接引语)

  一般来说第三人称代词常常不变,第一人称一般变为第二人称。

  2.若主句的谓语是过去时态,直接引语改为间接引语时,要调整时态。

  直接引语          间接引语

  现在时           过去时

  过去时           过去完成时(少数不变)

  现在完成时         过去完成时

  现在进行时         过去进行时

  一般将来时         过去将来时

  过去完成时         不变

  现在完成进行时      过去完成进行时

  由上述内容可知,时态的变化都是由现在的某个时态而变成了达去的某个时态。要特别注意,客观真理以及过去完成时在改为间接引语时,不需作时态调整。

【第二篇】

.指示代词,进间状语也要作调整。

  直接引语              间接引语

  this              that

  these              those

  now               then

  today              that day

  tonight             that night

  tomorrow            the next (following) day(month, year)

  yesterday            the day before

  yesterday afternoon       the afternoon before

  last year (month)      the year (month) before

  ago               before

  here              there

  注:动词(come)也常变为go

  4.若直接引语为陈述句,改为间接引语时,用连词that引导(口语中常省略),其它作相应的变化。

  He said, "I've just got a letter from my sister."

  He said he had just got a letter from his sister.

  需要说明的是,若引号里是两句话,改为间接引语后,第二句前也要用that连接起来。

  "He was here a few weeks ago, and he came again yesterday." she said.

  She said that he had been there a few weeks before, and that he had come again the day before.

【第三篇】

5.若直接引语为一般疑问句(原为倒装语序),改为间接引语时要用陈述句的语序而且还要加连词if 或whether引出。注意whether后还可跟or或or nor ,但if 不能。Whether可用在介词后或带to的不定式前面,而if不能。但若宾语从句为否定句时,常用if而不用whether。

  He asked, "Are you a teacher or a student?"

  He asked me whether I was a teacher or a student.

  注:如果主句中的谓语为said,改为间接引语时要用asked,无间接宾语,要适当加一个me,us,him等。如:

  He said, " Are you ready?"

  He asked me if I was ready.

  6.若直接引语为特殊疑问句,间接引语就要使用疑问词引出,而且要用陈述句语序。

  "What are you doing here?" the guard said to us.

  The guard asked us what we were doing there.

  7.当直接引语为祈使句时,间接引语要改为带复合宾语(宾语+宾语补足语)的句子,宾补用不定式表示。

  即:ask (tell, order, beg, etc) someone (not) to do something。注意不要用said。

  "Don't mention it again," the said to her husband.

  She asked her husband not to mention it againUID303

【第四篇】

8.当主句为过去时的时候,从句一定要是过去时态的一种(客观事实,真理除外)

  例如:he says that he is a good one.

  当主句变成he said是,这个句子要变成:

  He said that he was a good one.

  基本变化是 现在时变成过去时 现在进行时变成过去进行时 现在完成时变成过去完成时 一般将来时变成 过去将来时。

  9.当主句是一般现在时的时候,从句可以是任何一种时态(要根据实际情况选择)

  例如; he says that he ________(come)back last night.

  he says that he ________(come)back tomorrow.

  这两个句子基本一样,主句都是现在时。但从句的时间不同,答案就分别是 came 和 will come

  等这些基础知识都明白了后,还要注意时间上的变化细节,暂时可不做考虑。

  最后 祝你学习进步!