2016湖北中考英语限时训练（附答案）12016-02-25 16:11 来源：无忧考网
第一部分 听力技能 (两部分，共20小题，计20分)
第一节 对话理解 根据所听到的对话，从题中所给的A、B、C三个选项中选出最佳答案回答问题。听每段对话前，你将有时间阅读各个小题，每小题5秒钟;听完后，各小题将给出5秒钟的作答时间。(共15小题，计15分)
1. What does the woman want to borrow?
A. CDs. B. Bookcases. C. Books.
2. How is the weather now?
A. It’s sunny. B. It’s cloudy. C. It’s rainy.
3. What does David think of the plan?
A. It’s bad. B. It needs improving. C. It’s very good.
4.Who plays basketball best?
A. Lucy. B. Sam. C. Tom.
5. How is the boy feeling now?
A. Excited. B. Angry. C. Disappointed.
6. Where is the man going?
A. London. B. Washington. C. New York.
7. What time is it now?
A. 7:00. B. 7:15. C. 7:45.
8. When is the concert?
A. On Friday afternoon. B. On Saturday evening. C. On Sunday morning.
9. How will Linda go to the theater?
A. By car. B. By bike. C. On foot.
10. What are they talking about?
A. How to sell books. B. How to collect money. C. How to help John with study.
11. Which is TRUE about John?
A. He is seriously ill. B. His parents are rich. C. He often fails in exams.
12. What are they going to do next?
A. Do some charity sale on the school campus.
B. Call on the students and teachers to collect money.
C. Collect some old books and clothes and sell them on the Internet.
13. What’s the relationship between the two speakers?
A. Mother and son B. Teacher and student. C. Customer and shop assistant.
14. Who might buy the roses?
A. The boy’s father. B. The boy’s mother. C. The boy.
15. What will the boy buy for his mother?
A. A handbag. B. Oranges. C. A scarf.
第二节 笔录要点 根据你所听到的内容，完成下面的表格填空，每空不超过3个单词。(5小题，计5分)
The School Trip to Shaoshan
How to get there 16. ________.
How long will it take More than 17. _______ hours.
When and where to meet 18. ________ at 7:30 after breakfast.
Food for 1unch Sandwiches and fruit.
Things to 19. ________ 1) Get back at 4pm;
2) 20. _______ is the most important.
21. I visited ____ European country named Italy last summer vacation.
A. a B. an C. the
22. The old man prefers donating his money to the charity to _____ himself expensive things.
A. to buy B. buying C. buy
23. The woman _____ son won the first prize in the competition was very proud.
A. who B. which C. whose
24. —How’s it going with your project?
— I don’t think I can finish it perfectly unless I _____ more time.
A. will give B. am given C. will be given
25. —Look! What are those?
— ________ sheep! They make the grassland so lively!
A. What beautiful B. What a beautiful C. How beautiful
26. —Help ________ to some fruit, children
—Thank you, Miss Green.
A. you B. yourself C. yourselves
27. —May I try this skirt?
— Yes, you _____.
A. can B. should C. may
28. — _______ is the plane taking off?
—In twenty minutes.
A. How far B. How long C. How soon
29. Changsha is _______ than any other city in Hunan Province.
A. the busiest B. much busier C. busy
30. He asked the man outside ________.
A. what is he doing.
B. for whom he was looking
C. how long he has been waiting 第二节 词语填空 通读下面的短文, 掌握其大意, 然后从各题所给的A、B、C三个选项中选出一个最佳答案。( 共10 小题，计10分)
A documentary about smog(雾霾) has become well-known across the country with over 100 million views in less than 24 hours. Under the Dome, the 31 documentary by Chai Jing, was shown on video-sharing websites in China on Feb 28. It has 32 pushed the public awareness (意识) about air pollution and 33 people to join in efforts to make a difference.
Showing a number of photos and videos, Chai examines how the pollution problem has become so 34 in the country and told us the project was inspired(启发)by lung(肺) illness of her new-born daughter. “I 35 all the windows. I started every day by checking the 36 pollution index(指数),” Chai said. Millions of other people are also doing the 37 things. While they stop there, Chai goes deeper. “I don’t want to live in this way. I need to find out where the smog comes from and what is going on.”
Over a year, she went to polluted areas to find the cause of smog, visited the US and the UK to learn about their 38 , and interviewed officials, scientists and the general public.
The film has led to national 39 after going popular online. Cheng Chen, a 22-year-old student from Beijing Foreign Studies University, found the documentary “very inspiring”. “I used to think it was not my duty to 40 air pollution–I don’t own a factory or a car,” said Cheng. “But Chai tells me we share the same fate since we breathe the same air and there is a lot I can do.” At the same time, experts remind moved viewers of the film’s limitation. So what do you think of it?
31. A. 103- second B. 103-minute C. 103-hour
32. A. slowly B. rapidly C. quietly
33. A. prevented B. influenced C. encouraged
34. A. serious B. important C. necessary
35. A. opened B. cleaned C. closed
36. A. rubbish B. water C. air
37. A. same B. right C. terrible
38. A. news B. experiences C. hobbies
39. A. agreement B. discussion C. development
40. A. deal with B. find out C. listen to
第一节 图表理解 阅读下列图表，从每题所给的A、B、C三个选项中，选出最佳选项回答问题或完成句子。(共 5小题，计10分)
Films Kinds Information Prices
Cinderella Love Live-action, not cartoon,
New interpretation of an old fairy tale 2D: ￥30; IMAX: ￥50
Wolf Totem Drama
Adapted from a novel of the same name by Jiang Rong ￥ 80
(VIP 40% off)
Big Hero 6 Cartoon The sixth of the Series about Robot Baymax IMAX ￥60
(Students half price)
Paddington Comedy Little bear Paddington’s story with his new human family ￥35
(Kids under 12 are free in the morning)
41. John is crazy about robots, which might he go to watch ?
A. Cinderella. B. Wolf Totem. C. Big Hero 6.
42. 11-year-old Linda wants to watch Paddington with her parents and her young brother on Sunday morning, how much will they pay ?
A. 70 Yuan. B. 105Yuan. C. 140 Yuan.
PLACES TO GO Soll
(Austria) Chiang Mai
( Thailand) Hawaii
ATTRACTIONS Forests and the mountains; Floating (漂浮的) Market on the river; Long, sandy beaches;
Mountains and forests;
Taking a mini train in the forest; Watching shows;
Enjoying fruit and vegetables; Taking a walk on beaches;
Swimming in the sea;
Playing beach volleyball;
TIPS 20℃ to 25℃ in the daytime;
Cheap hotels. Thai Baht(泰铢) only;
Around 40 ℃;
Fine living condition. Expensive hotels;
A little cooler at night.
43. If you enjoy a place near the sea or river, you won’t travel to ______.
A. Bangkok B. Soll C. Hawaii
44. You should take the following things EXCEPT ______ before you travel to Chiang Mai.
A. coats B. sunglasses C. Thai Baht
45. What information does the writer give about every place he mentions?
A. food and weather B. weather and hotel C. hotel and shopping 第二节 短文理解 阅读下列短文，从每题所给 的A、B、C三个选项中，选出最佳选项回答问题或完成句子。(共15小题，计30分)
When you have a different opinion with your friend, what should you do? One of the ways is to talk to your friend and tell him or her how you’re feeling. It’s always important to share your feelings with your friend.
Of course, sometimes friends do drift apart. As we grow older, our interests change and sometimes this means that a friendship may not be as close as it once was. This also means that you , too, may find a different group of friends to spend time with.
Then what should you do to keep friends? One helpful thing is to be sure you let others know you like them. Smile, talk to them, listen with interest and praise them for the things you like about them. People naturally like to make friends with the people who understand and enjoy them.
It’s also important to remember that you should always be yourself. Sometimes when you focus on “keeping friends”, you might begin to do things or act in some ways that aren’t normally part of your personality. Moreover, if your friend is unfriendly to you, that doesn’t mean you should become hurtful to other people. If keeping a friendship means you have to become someone who you aren’t, that friendship isn’t worth keeping.
46.When you have a different opinion with your friends, you should _____.
A. keep quiet and have a good rest
B. tell how you’re feeling to them
C. keep away from them for days
47.When the writer says “friends do drift apart” in the second paragraph, he wants to express _____.
A. people remain friends for a lifetime
B. the friendship is closer and closer
C. the friendship is not as close as before
48.Which of the following is good for keeping friends?
A. Praise and enjoy your friends.
B. Never understand the weakness of friends.
C. Say something that does harm to your friends.
49.The last paragraph tells us that ______.
A. it’s important to always agree with our friends
B. people shouldn’t lose themselves to keep friends
C. we are encouraged to be hurtful to unfriendly people
50.The passage is mainly about _____.
A. feelings B. education C. friendship
Recycling is a way to take trash and turn it into new products. There are a number of different recycling processes that allow materials to be used more than once.
All kinds of materials can be recycled. Some of the most common processes in use today involve(牵涉) recycling plastic, glass, metals , paper, electronics and so on. Items made of these materials include soda cans, plastic boxes, newspapers, old computers, and cardboard boxes.
There are many steps in recycling. It isn’t actually a simple process and is different for each type of material. For example, paper starts its recycling process by being mixed with water and other chemicals to break it down. This process finally turns the paper into a pulp(纸浆). Then remove the plastics and other useless materials from the pulp. After that, it gets cleaned. Now the pulp is ready to be made into new paper.
However, computers and batteries(电池) are usually recycled in order to remove harmful chemicals as well as to find again some valuable materials such as gold.
In general, we should follow different steps in the recycling process. These steps are:
•Collecting recyclable materials, like cans and plastic bottles.
•Processing(加工) the old materials and making new items.
•Buying items made from recycled materials.
51. What is recycling?
A. It makes your heart and body strong.
B. It is to reuse anything that can be used again.
C. It means keeping the land , air and water clean.
52. Paragraph 2 mainly tells us _____.
A. recycling is very easy
B. recycling process is different
C. what materials can be recycled
53.Which shows the recycling process of paper correctly?
a. cleaning it
b. removing useless materials
c. being mixed with water and other chemicals
d. turning the paper into a pulp
A. c-d-b-a B. b-a-d-c C. c-a -b-d
54. Batteries shouldn’t be thrown into the fields because ______.
A. the chemicals in them are harmful to the fields
B. some of the batteries are very expensive
C. the batteries are good for the plants in the fields
55. According to the passage, t he first step of recycling is ______.
A. throwing cans and plastic bottles away
B. collecting recyclable materials
C. buying items made from recycled materials
We often praise the world of science.
It explains the world and makes our lives easier with technology. One of the most exciting fields in science is artificial intelligence (人工智能，AI). This is an area where scientists are working on creating machines that think like humans.
However, one of the most famous scientists has a very dark warning for us about this type of technology.
“The development of full artificial intelligence could spell the end of the human race,” said Professor Stephen Hawking to the BBC.
Hawking is a well-known British physicist and author of bestselling science book A Brief History of Time. This warning came after commenting(评论)the technology he uses to speak with. As Hawking has got a serious disease called ALS, he needs an AI computer to communicate. The computer learns how Hawking thinks and suggests the words he may want to use next.
This is a basic type of AI, which is very useful, yet Hawking fears the possibility of creating technology that can match or surpass human intelligence. And it’s easy to imagine how terrible things may be. Many TV shows and films show big, killer machines that are far cleverer than us. “Humans, who are limited(限制) by slow biological evolution (进化), couldn’t compete,” said Hawking.
But not every scientist is pessimistic (悲观的) about AI technology. “I believe we will be in control of the technology for a long time,” said Rollo Carpenter, creator of Cleverbot in the UK, which is a software program that remembers past conversations. “The advantages of it to solve many of the world problems will be realized.” In what direction do you think AI is heading? Should we be hopeful or fearful?
56.Which of the following is TRUE about AI?
A. It makes our lives easier.
B. The technology is not very popular now.
C. Scientists haven’t controlled the technology.
57.The writer took Hawking as an example to ______.
A. explain how AI has helped us
B. show AI has already become part of our life
C. suggest that AI might become dangerous for humans
58.What does the underlined word “surpass” mean in the passage?
A. 象征 B.促进 C. 超越
59. We can know from the last paragraph that _________.
A. Rollo agrees with Hawking
B. Rollo is a British creator
C. Rollo invented Cleverbot in the US
60. Which of the following can be a suitable title for this article?
A. AI: a friend or an enemy
B. The future of human beings
C. The fight between humans and AI 第三节 阅读表达 阅读下面的短文，然后根据短文内容回答所提问题。(共5小题，计10分)
Getting recognization(认可)from National Geographic, a famous US magazine, is the dream for many photographers. A lucky Chinese teenage photographer has made this dream come true just after his 14th birthday last year.
With his work Qiangtoucao (Weed on the Wall), Gong Zijie, a student from Changsha, Hunan, won the 2014 International Photography Contest for Kids in China’s competition last year. It was hosted by National Geog raphic Kids. Gong got the first place in the Wild Vacation part. His photo shows the shadow (影子) of a weed (野草) on the Palace Museum’s red walls. In world-famous photographer Li Sha obai’s words, “The picture is silent, but it’s also powerful.” How did Gong make it? “I just saw the weed and found it lonely and helpless,” said Gong.
Gong learned photography from his father, a photographer working for Hunan TV. Since the age of 4, he has been following his father to learn to take pictures.
Gong is a patient photographer. When he views something valuable, he can spend hours waiting for the perfect time for the picture. Compared with beautiful sights, the young photographer is paying more attention to social topic. In Gong’s pictures of Liuyang River, hundreds of dead fish show us the deadly results of pollution. He has made up his mind to document polluted rivers at least once every year to focus more people’s eyes on the environment.
“Now photography is not only a hobby, but also a duty for me,” said Gong.
61.Where did Gong Zijie take the photo named “Qiangtoucao”?
62. How did Li Shaobai like Gong’s photo in the passage?
63. What is Gong’s father?
64. How long has Gong learned photography?
65. Did Gong decide to document polluted rivers only once a year?
In the USA, about 450,000 school buses take more than 25 million children to and from school. The yellow school bus is a US symbol. Yellow became the color of school buses in the USA in 1939. Dr. Frank got the good idea. He said it was easy for people to see yellow buses and the black letters on them in early morning and later afternoon. 66. 他也说那会使孩子们更安全。
There are not many school buses in Britain, and they are not yellow. They have trackers(追踪器) on them, so kids are being tracked while they travel to and from school by bus.67. The trackers let parents know where the schoo l bus is and whether their kids are on the bus.
Kindergarten(幼儿园) is a difficult time for some kids. 68. 这是他们第一次离开父母。Kindergartens in Japan prepare colorful buses for the kids in order to make them like to go to school. The buses can easily make children want to take them and then, go to school. Even some parents want to take them, too!
69. Nowadays school buses are becoming more and more popular in China. It saves a lot of time for students to take a school bus. 7. It is said that there will be 3,000 yellow school buses on the road by the end of the year in our city.
第二节 情景交际 (共5小题，计10分)
A: Jack, you look worried. 71. __________________?
B: We’re going to have an English exam next week.
A: 72. __________________?
B: I haven’t prepared anything for it. I really don’t know how to learn English. 73.________________?
A: Of course. First, you should try to memorize the words by yourself. Second, you should speak English as much
as you can. Third, 74. ___________________. I’m reading an excellent one.
B: Good ideas! Then, what English novel are you reading?
A: The Old Man and The Sea.
B: 75 ._________________?
A: Hemingway, my favorite American writer.
每个人的成长都是一种蜕变的过程，从幼稚走向成熟，从逆境走向成功。请你以“I have changed a lot”为题写一篇英语短文，谈谈你在成长过程中所经历的一次变化。要求如下：
3、字数为60-80词左右。 第一部分 听力技能 (共两节，计20分)
1. W: Mike, can I borrow your CDs?
M: Sure. They’re on the bookcase.
2. W: Dad, I’m going to the supermarket for some milk.
M: Take your umbrella, Jenny. Look at the dark clouds. It may rain soon.
3. W: David, what do you think of my plan of the new park?
M: It’s great! I can't agree more.
4. W: Hi, Tom. You look much stronger than before.
M: Thank you, Lucy. I play basketball every day now and I’m the second best player after Sam in my class.
5. W: Jack, how’s everything going today?
M: Oh, mum, it was great! We beat Class 123 in the football game and won the first prize!
听第六段对话，回答第6 至7 小题
M: Excuse me, is this train going to New York?
W: No, it’s to Washington. The first train to New York left 15 minutes ago.
M: Oh, my God! So when will the next one leave?
W: At 8 o’clock. I’m afraid you have to wait for 45 minutes.
听第七段对话，回答第8 至9 小题。
M: Hi, Linda! Have you heard that the famous singer Wang Feng will have a concert in Tianhan Grand Theatre in Changsha this weekend?
W: Really? He is my favorite singer.
M: Yes. And I happen to get two tickets. Would you like to go with me?
W: Sure. When will it start?
M: At 7:00 Saturday evening. And my father will pick me up after school. We can go there together.
W: Thank you, but I live very close to the theater, and I can walk there.
听第八段对话，回答第10 至12 小题。
M: Hi, Jane. I haven’t seen you recently. What are you doing these days?
W: My classmate John is seriously ill. And his family can’t afford all the medical costs for the treatment. So we have set up a program to raise money for him.
M: Sorry to hear this! What have you done?
W: We’ve called the students and teachers to collect money for him.
M: What else did you do?
W: We also did some charity sale on the school campus. But it’s not enough.
M: Don’t worry. I think we can collect some old books and clothes and sell them on the Internet.
W: That’s great! I’ll tell the other group members about this.
听第九段对话，回答第13 至15 小题。
W: Welcome to Miss Wen’s shop!
M: I want to buy a present for my mother’s birthday.
W: Look at these red roses. They’re so beautiful!
M: Well, my dad prepares flowers every year.
W: How about the handbag? It’s a hot-selling product in our shop.
M: How much is it?
W: 380 Yuan.
M: That’s too expensive.
W: Do you like the orange scarf? It’s 100 Yuan.
M: OK. It’s getting colder now. And Mum likes orange best.
Boys and girls, attention please! This is Mr. Li. Here’s some information about our trip to Shaoshan, Chairman Mao’s hometown. We’ll go there by coach. It’s a long trip. It will take us more than two hours to get there. So we must get up early and meet on the playground at 7:30 after breakfast tomorrow morning. We’ll take some sandwiches and fruit for lunch and we’ll eat together in a park. Here are things you should remember: First, in the afternoon we’ll meet at the place where our coaches stop at 4 pm and get back to school. Second, safety is always the most important during a trip. This is the last school trip in junior high, so I hope everyone can have a good time. Thank you for listening. See you tomorrow.
16.by coach 17. two/2 18.On the playground
19.remember 20. Safety
题号 答案 得分 题号 答案 得分
单选 1 A 1 单选36 C 1
单选2 B 1 单选37 A 1
单选3 C 1 单选38 B 1
单选4 B 1 单选39 B 1
单选5 A 1 单选40 A 1
单选6 C 1 单选41 C 2
单选7 B 1 单选42 A 2
单选8 B 1 单选43 B 2
单选9 C 1 单选44 A 2
单选10 B 1 单选45 B 2
单选11 A 1 单选46 B 2
单选12 C 1 单选47 C 2
单选13 C 1 单选48 A 2
单选14 A 1 单选49 B 2
单选15 C 1 单选50 C 2
单选21 A 1 单选51 B 2
单选22 B 1 单选52 C 2
单选23 C 1 单选53 A 2
单选24 B 1 单选54 A 2
单选25 A 1 单选55 B 2
单选26 C 1 单选56 A 2
单选27 A 1 单选57 C 2
单选28 C 1 单选58 C 2
单选29 B 1 单选59 B 2
单选30 B 1 单选60 A 2
单选31 B 1
单选32 B 1
单选33 C 1
单选34 A 1
单选35 C 1 1. In the Palace Museum.
62. (It was) silent and/but powerful.
63. (He’s) a photographer.
64. Since he was four/the age of four.(For 11 years. )
66. He also said it would make children safer.
68. This is their first time to leave (part with) their parents.
71. What’s wrong/ What’s the matter with you?
72. Have you prepared for it?
73. Could you give some advice/ Could you help me?
74.(You should/can) read English novels.
75. Who was it written by? /Who wrote it/Who’s the writer?