2016湖北中考英语限时训练（附答案）32016-02-25 16:09 来源：无忧考网
A long time ago. there was an emperor. He had a beautiful garden. In the garden, there was a little nightingale(夜莺) singing very beautifully.
One day the emperor heard about this little bird's beautiful voice. He asked his guards to bring her to him. As soon as the emperor heard the nightingale's voice, he said, "Put her in a golden cage, so she can stay and sing for me whenever I want to hear her. "
The tittle bird was so unhappy about being kept in the cage that she stopped singing one day. The emperor was very angry. He ordered the scientists in his palace to make a robot bird for him. The bird could sing very beautifully, too. The emperor was pleased.
Soon the robot bird became old. It no longer sang beautiful songs. Just at that time, the emperor became very weak. One morning, while lying in bed, the emperor wanted it to sing once again. But the robot bird couldn't sing any more. Suddenly the nightingale landed on the window. She began to sing her most beautiful song. The emperor was very happy! He became better and better each day.
After the emperor was well，he changed a lot and became kind to his people. From then on, all his people cherished(爱戴) him for his love and kindness.
( )1. Both the nightingale and the robot bird had a beautiful voice.
( )2. The emperor kept the nightingale in a golden cage in order to hear her sing at any time.
( )3. The nightingale was very happy after she was kept in the golden cage.
( )4. The emperor was not satisfied with the robot bird at first.
( )5. The emperor learnt from the nightingale what love and kindness was.
In the year 2050, there will be different kinds of materials for clothes. Special materials will keep the clothes clean for ever. They will never get dirty or wear out. We will have less work because we won’t have to wash them. So we can save water and money. And children won’t worry about what to wear to school every day. They won’t go to school. They’ll stay at home in front of their computers to study. They can wear their favorite “Saturday clothes” every day. It will be fun. Do you think so? What do you think school clothes and school life will be like in 2050?
( )6. Maybe we wash clothes in the year 2050.
A. didn’t B. needn’t C. mustn’t D. won’t be allowed to
( )7. Why won’t the children go to school?
A. because they’ll play at home. B. because they hate to go to school.
C. because they’ll study on the Internet. D. because they’ll wash clothes to make money.
( )8. Will the clothes get dirty in the year 2050?
A. No, it won’t. B. Yes, they will. C. Yes, it will. D. No, they won’t.
( )9. In the year 2050, the clothes will not for ever
A. wear out or get dirty B. wear well C. be thinner and thinner D. be fantastic
( )10. From the passage,which of the following is NOT true?
A. There will be different kinds of materials for clothes .
B. The children can wear their favorite clothes.
C. The children always worry about what to wear .
D. The children can study at home in front of their computers.
At East China University of Science and Technology,students will get a coupon (优惠券) if they eat up their food.Students can collect coupons and exchange them for small gifts, such as books, magazines, mobile phone covers and hand warmers.
"It's been such a surprise," said Liang Zhaoyun, 19, a student at the university in Shanghai. "It has given us one more motivation to finish our food. "
The measure is part of a national "eat-up" campaign(行动) which is organized by students to deal with food waste on campuses(校园).
Why only on campuses, you might ask? Because according to a report by Xinhua News Agency, students waste twice as much food as the national average(平均).
The campaign on campus food waste is receiving attention across the country.
"The aim of the campaign is not only to encourage students to finish their food. We hope it can also encourage students to choose a more environment-friendly and healthy lifestyle," said Tao Siliang, secretary of the Youth League Committee at Shanghai University. But some school food is poorly prepared, so students do not like to finish it all. Some schools have taken notice of this and they are taking measures to improve it.
"I'm glad that we've reduced food waste since the 'eat-up' campaign began. But if we call on students to waste less food, we should also improve the service and food standard on campuses." said Tao.
( )11. From Paragraph 1 we know that the students will get a coupon .
A. when they eat school food B. after they exchange gifts
C. if they finish all their food D. if they collect the waste
( )12. The under lined word "motivation" in Paragraph 2 means in Chinese.
A. 动力 B. 机会 C. 试验 D. 条件
( )13. The "eat-up" campaign is carried out on campuses because ________.
A. students get a good education B. schools offer small gifts
C. students waste too much food D. school food is more delicious
( )14. The purpose of the campaign is mainly to ________ .
A. improve the school food standard B. encourage a greener and healthier lifestyle
C. receive attention from the society D. further improve the service in universities
( )15. The best title for this passage may be _______.
A. Enjoy Your Food! B. Reduce Waste on Campus
C. Meals in Universities. D. "Eat-up" Campaign on Campus
Qi Haoran, a Junior 1 student, was quite busy over the past winter vacation – and not just with homework. Qi, together with 10 other classmates made a volunteer group to call on people to join the Clean Your Plate Campaign (“光盘行动”).
The 11 students went to many restaurants and told people the importance of saving food. “Excuse me, do you know that 950 million people around the world still haven’t got enough to eat? Please don’t waste food.” They would say this kind of thing hundreds of times every day.
The Clean Your Plate Campaign began on the Internet in January. It calls on people to reduce food waste.
China in these years had serious problems with wasted food. CCTV reported in January that the food Chinese people waste every year is enough to feed 200 million people for a year.
Chinese people are well known for being hospitable (好客的) and generous(大方的). Many even feel that they lose face if their guests have eaten all the food.
Luckily, the campaign has got the support of many. In a restaurant in Xinjiang, the owner give the guests who have eaten all that they ordered a sticker (贴花). People can enjoy a free meal when they have 10 stickers. More than 750 restaurants in Beijing have begun to offer smaller dishes and encourage their guests to take leftovers (剩饭剩菜) home.
To reduce food waste is a big task, and it needs time. It’s important that everyone does their bit, just like Qi. Did you finish your meals today?
( )16. What did the 11 students do in the winter vacation?
A. The helped each other with homework. B. They opened a restaurant together.
C. They volunteered for a campaign. D. They collected money from customers in restaurants.
( )17. In this passage the underlined word “call on ” means ______.
A. 打电话 B.号召 C.拜访 D. 叫喊
( )18. The Clean Your Plate Campaign calls on people to _____.
A. do volunteer work B. work part time in restaurants
C. cut down on food waste D. wash your plates after dinner
( )19. From Paragraphs 4-5, we learn that _____.
A. wasting food is a serious problem in China
B. Chinese people waste the most food in the world
C. Chinese people want to show off that they are rich
D. most Chinese people are afraid of losing face at the table
( )20. What did the restaurant in Beijing do to support the campaign?
A. The owner would have dinner with those who had eaten up their food.
B. It offered a free meal to the guests who had finished all their food ten times.
C. It gave stickers to the guests who ordered small dishes.
D. It encouraged customers to take leftovers home. 1—5 TTFFT 6—10 BCDAC 11—15 CACBD 16—20 CBCAD