2018年成人高考高起点《英语》重点复习资料

2017-12-29 15:43 来源:网络综合
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【导语】努力的苦读,把你的实力全部发挥,所有关爱着你的人,都会为你祝福、祈祷,努力备考,相信你会考出满意的成绩,榜上有名考入理想院校!以下是无忧考网为大家整理的《2018年成人高考高起点《英语》重点复习资料》 供您查阅。
  分词

  1、中文:他理发了。

  (误)He had his hair to be cut.

  (正)He had his hair cut.(have,get+宾语+过去分词表示使…被。)

  2、中文:他喜欢喝凉开水。

  (误)He likes to drink boiling water.

  (正)He likes to drink boiled water.(现在分词表示主动,boiling water指正在沸腾的水;过去分词表示完成,boiled water指沸腾过的水。)

  3、中文:由于做饭,他看上去累了。

  (误)He looked tiring with cooking.

  (正)He looked tired with cooking.(tiring表示令人疲倦的,tired表示人被弄疲倦了。)

  4、中文:我不能让别人明白我的意思。

  (误)I couldn't make myself understand.

  (正)I couldn't make myself understood.(过去分词表示被动,make myself understood表示使我被别人明白。)

  5、中文:昨天早上我上学时见到了我的一个朋友。

  (误)I was walking to school yesterday morning,I met a friend of mine.

  (正)Walking to school yesterday morning,I met a friend of mine.(前一句如作时间从句缺连词,后一句分词构句表时间。)

  6、中文:假期结束了,约翰返回了学校。

  (误)The vacation was over,John returned to school.

  (正)The vacation being over,John returned to school.(前一句如作时间从句缺连词,后一句独立分词构句表时间。)

  7、中文:戴帽子的工人躺在地上。

  (误)The workman worn a hat is lying on the ground.

  (正)The workman wearing a hat is lying on the ground.(带帽子是主动行动,要用现在分词wearing a hat表示。)

  8、中文:小女孩站在那里哭了。

  (误)The little girl stood there cried.

  (正)The little girl stood there crying.(哭是主语the little girl发出的行动,要用现在分词crying表示。)

  9、中文:天气好,我们今天要去郊游。

  (误)Being fine, we'll go outing today.

  (正)It being fine, we'll go outing today.(前一句错在分词构句所表示的动作不是主句的主语发出的;后一句加上表示气候的It作逻辑主语,构成独立分词构句表原因。)
  不定式

  1、中文:为了准时,我们加快了步伐。

  (误)So as to be in time we hurried.

  (正)In order to be in time we hurried.(so as to只可放在句中,in order to可放在句首或句中。)

  2、中文:你说这些话真傻。

  (误)It's very foolish for you to say so.

  (正)It's very foolish of you to say so.(表示评价的形容词被带逻辑主语的不定式修饰时,介词要用of.)

  3、中文:你没有告诉他们永远不要做那件事吗?

  (误)Didn't you ask them to never do that?

  (正)Didn't you ask them never to do that?(never要放在to之前。)

  4、中文:你没有告诉他们永远不要做那件事吗?

  (误)Here is a new book for you to read it.

  (正)Here is a new book for you to read.(作形容词用法的带逻辑主语的不定式for you to read的宾语,实际上就是它所修饰的new book,其后不可再加宾语。)

  5、中文:他够年龄,可以上学了。

  (误)He is old enough so that he can go to school.

  (正)He is old enough to go to school.(形容词+enough+不定式表示足够…而可。)

  6、中文:他太好了,寄给我许多书。

  (误)He was so good to send me a lot of books.

  (正)He was so good as to send me a lot of books.(so……as to表示如此…以致。)

  7、中文:你最好不要在下雨天出去。

  (误)You had better not to go out in the rain.

  (正)You had better not go out in the rain.(had better(not)后接原形不定式。)

  8、中文:你喜欢听别人谈话吗?

  (误)Do you like listening to others to talk?

  (正)Do you like listening to others talk?(感官动词或使役动词的宾语补语用原形不定式。)