2017年12月9日雅思写作机经考试真题回忆及答案解析2017-12-13 11:30 来源：网络综合
Writing Task 1
The bar charts show the average retirement age in 6 countries in 2004 and 2008. Summarise the information by selecting and reporting the main features and make comparisons where relevant.
The bar charts present the change of time when people retire in 6 different countries in two years.
It is noticeable that male’s retirement age rose in the four years in all countries, among which Netherlands and Sweden witnessed a relatively considerable rise, while the rest of countries increased slightly. The male Swedish and Dutchmen retired at the latest age of 70 and 65, whereas male Germans and Italians enjoyed their retirement much earlier( 48 versus 50).
The retirement age for the female also experienced a rise in most of the countries, with Italy being the only exception, whose female citizens can retire five years earlier in 2008. The Swedish females also had the latest retirement age(almost to 70), followed by Spain and Netherland. By comparison, the Italian and Germany females could retire from their work when they were in middle age.
Overall, the males retire later than females in most countries, although people of different genders in Italy and Germany retire at the same age.
Writing Task 2
A rise in standard of living in a country only seems to benefit cities rather than rural areas. What problems might this difference cause? How might these problems be solved?
参考范文(Word Count: 269)
Nowadays, fast economic development has led to the rising standard of living in a country, which then brings a lot of benefits to the country’s economy in return. However, this phenomenon seems to be more beneficial for cities but not rural areas. In the following paragraphs, problems caused by this phenomenon and solutions to these problems will be discussed.
Because of the huge differences between cities and rural areas, a large amount of rural population has moved to cities to have a better life, causing cities become increasingly crowded. A further dire consequence is that the relatively less educated migrants from rural area will cluster in certain blocks in cities, bringing about some security issues or even some crimes. Apart from this, that people move to cities also results in a lack of labour of rural areas, which then has a bad influence on the local economic development and give rise to more imbalance between these two areas.
To solve the problems mentioned above, more job opportunities should be created in order to let rural people have a higher income and be able to consume so as to contribute to the local economic development. This could be done by investing more projects in the rural areas by the government, such as supporting the development of local tourism.
In conclusion, the trend that cities are getting more benefits from the rising living standard in a country has enlarged gaps between urban and rural areas, followed by other related problems. In order to solve this problem, more attention is supposed to shifted to the employment and development of the rural areas.