2018年考研英语完型填空模拟题及答案解析【十二】[1]

2017-11-14 16:06 来源:网络综合
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【导语】考研英语完形填空部分十分考验学生的词汇量积累和语法运用,是考生最容易失分的题型之一,因而需要日常知识积累和大量的练习相结合,才有达到有效的复习效果。以下是无忧考网为大家整理的《2018年考研英语完型填空模拟题及答案解析【十二】》供您查阅。

A recent parliamentary report blames the government and the food industry for the growth in obesity. The Department of Transport is blamed for not doing enough to__1__facilities for pedestrians and cyclists while__2__ to pressure from motoring organizations representing car users. The Ministry of Education is__3__of selling off school playing fields and not doing enough to__4__adequate facilities for physical education and games. Young people in Britain have become crazy about football(soccer and rugby),but too often as__5__“couch potatoes”。

  The food industry is blamed for promoting junk food to school children and not doing enough to__6__down on sugar,fats and salt in prepared foods. The industry,__7__by the current popularity of the Atkins low-carbohydrate diet,has begun to __8__,but it is trying to protect a huge market and will need to do__9__more if it is to__10__off increased regulation.

  Japan seems less__11__so far by the problem of obesity,__12__ as the Japanese diet becomes increasingly__13__(burgers and doughnuts)the problem will grow. __14__,Japanese cuisine has become highly popular in Britain. It is seen as healthy in a different way from the Mediterranean diet__15__its emphasis on tomatoes and olive oil combined with red wine.

  A fairly small amount of red wine is now__16__as beneficial to the heart,__17__its other encouraging properties. But Britain has to do more to__18__the problems of alcoholism__19__with the binge-drinking culture—including violence and vandalism. Limited consumption of alcohol,as long as it is not__20__with driving,is harmless and possibly beneficial.

  1. [A] stimulate [B] commend [C] promote [D] elevate

  2. [A] submitting [B] subjecting [C] subordinating [D] surrendering

  3. [A] charged [B] denounced [C] scolded [D] accused

  4. [A] assure [B] ensure [C] secure [D] guard

  5. [A] speculating [B] spectating [C] specializing [D] sightseeing

  6. [A] fall [B] get [C] cut [D] bring

  7. [A] stung [B] bitten [C] chewed [D] licked

  8. [A] retort [B] refute [C] respond [D] resolve

  9. [A] abundantly [B] considerably [C] extensively [D] principally

  10. [A] defend [B] beat [C] hold [D] ward

  11. [A] upset [B] affected [C] effected [D] impressed

  12. [A] or [B] for [C] but [D] if

  13. [A] popularized [B] globalized [C] westernized [D] localized

  14. [A] Accordingly[B] Interestingly [C] Surprisingly [D] Strikingly

  15. [A] as [B] on [C] but [D] with

  16. [A] accepted [B] approved [C] assumed [D] acknowledged

  17. [A] but for [B] let alone [C] regardless of [D] much less

  18. [A] cope [B] challenge [C] tackle [D] undertake

  19. [A] matched [B] related [C] united [D] associated

  20. [A] bonded [B] combined [C] merged [D] incorporated