成人高考高起点《英语》模拟题及答案【二】

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一 语音知识(共5小题;每题1.5分,共7.5分。)

  在下列每组单词中,有一个单词的划线部分与其他单词的划线部分的读音不同。找出这个词,并把它前面的大写字母填入左边的括号里。

  ( )1. A. lecture B. escape C. bicycle D. recover

  ( )2.A. farther B. healthy C. Thursday D. thought

  ( )3.A.mathematics B. attack C. companion D. baggage

  ( )4.A. blouse B. shoulder C. found D. mountain

  ( )5. A. treat B. breath C. bread D. treasure

  二 词汇与语法知识(共25小题;每题1.5分,共37.5分。)

  从每小题的四个选择项中,选出最佳的一项,并把它前面的大写字母填入左边的括号里。

  ( )6.This motorcycle is very good, but I don’t think I can ___ it.

  A. pay B. spend C. afford D. cost

  ( )7. In China, every boy and girl ______ a right to education.

  A. have B. has C. will have D. had

  ( )8.The situation is quite serous and will become even worse unless some measures _____.

  A. had been taken B. will be taken C. were taken D. are taken

  ( )9.This street is usually quiet, but it will get very busy _______ Sunday mornings.

  A. on B. in C. at D. during

  ( )10.Don’t forget the fact ______ he was not at home that night.

  A. why B. which C. that D. whether

  ( )11.The two players had been warned of the danger, but _____ of them seemed to take it seriously.

  A. both B. neither C. any D. either

  ( )12.We went to see the play last night and got a lot of _____ from it.

  A. content B. interest C. spirit D. fun

  ( )13.The new railway is planned _______ by the end of 2005.

  A. to have completed B. to be completed

  C. to be completing D. to complete

  ( )14.– It’s so noisy upstairs. What are they doing?

  -- They _____ be having a party.

  A. could B. should C. would D. must

  ( )15. Dr. Wilmet _______ the newspaper before he leaves for work every day.

  A. looks into B. stares at C. watches for D. glances through

  ( )16. It was on August 15, 1945 ________ the Chinese people won the final victory in the Anti-Japanese War.

  A. that B. which C. until D. while

  ( )17.For a long time after the operation, Linda found _____ difficult to fall asleep.

  A. this B. one C. that D. it

  ( )18.Tom has worked so hard this year that he will earn ______ he did last year.

  A. twice as much money as B. as much money as twice

  C. twice money as much as D. as twice much money as

  ( )19. – Who is the person _____ with our monitor over there?

  -- Our new maths teacher.

  A. talked B. to talk C. talking D. talks

  ( )20. Although he ________ those days, Mr. Black never gave up hope.

  A. treated unfairly B. was unfairly treated

  C. has unfairly treated D. has been unfairly treated

  ( )21.So little ______about European history that the lecture was quite beyond me.

  A. did I know B. I knew C. do I know D. I know

  ( )22.On our way to Washington DC, we visited the Browns, _____ used to be our neighbor.

  A. whom B. which C. who D. that

  ( )23.My roommate said he didn’t mind ______ the window open at night.

  A. keep B. keeping C. to keep D. having kept

  ( )24.Father is busy writing postcards this morning and _____ ten so far.

  A. wrote B. was writing C. has written D. has been writing

  ( )25.Have you been to the little village ________ your father spent his childhood?

  A. that B. where C. which D. when

  ( )26 – Hello, can I speak to George?

  -- Hold on, please, George, ___________.

  A. your father’s call B. someone is looking for you

  C. a message for you D. you are wanted on the phone

  ( ) 27.Speak louder, _____ you won’t make yourself heard in such a bog room.

  A. but B. and C. or D. for

  ( )28.With all his homework ________, the boy was allowed to watch TV.

  A. to finish B. finished C. to be finished D. having finished

  ( )29.– Shall we go to the cinema tonight?

  --_________, but my hands are full.

  A. I’d love to B. I’d love the idea C. I’d love it D. I’d love to do

  ( )30 --____________ will he finish writing his new novel?

  -- In a couple of weeks, I think.

  A. How fast B. How soon C. How often D. How long

  三 完形填空(共20小题;每题1.5分,共30分)

  通读下面的短文,掌握其大意。然后,从每小题的四个选择项中选出可填入相应空白处的最佳选项。

  Tony Tomei was well-known in Los Alamos, N.M. for his heroic action when the forest fires swept through last May. Tomei had _31__ run away from his house, which was __32__. But soon after reaching a safe place, Tomei __33__that although he had saved most of his collection of accordions (手风琴),his precious Italian Bugari Armando accordion was _34__ in the house. He raced home to _35__it. “When I drove up, there was a lot of smoke,” he says, and at that moment he made __36__ . “I was going to _37___the fire. I was the only one left to _38___ the neighbors’ house.”

  Tomei, 52, an engineer and accordion instructor, had no idea what a great danger he would _39___. With a garden hose (软管),he spent the _40__ few hours putting out small spot fires.

  Then the _41__ picked up, and the fire began moving slowly from the valley 60 feet below toward his home. He attempted to put out the fire but without any _42_. The fire and smoke blew up beside him, _43___ him to the ground, where he got hold of a tree. “I couldn’t breathe. I couldn’t see. I just stuck my face in the dirt.”

  _44___, the wind changed. Against a frightening backdrop (背景) of house burning up and down his street, Tomei fought through much of the _45__ without any more water and _46__ a couple of tools he could get to keep small fires away from his neighbors’ house.

  At sunrise he got his first real look at what had left of the neighborhood. “I saw all those damaged house and thought, oh, my God,” _47__ he’d saved his home along with two others’.

  When his neighbor Nancy Tenbrink _48__ to the house she’d thought was lost, she _49__threw her arms around Tomei. “My house was important, but his life was much more _50__,” she says. “I’m deeply thankful for what he did for us.”

  ( )31. A. happily B. bravely C. nearly D. safely

  ( )32. A. in fire B. in danger C. out of order D. out of shape

  ( )33. A. thought B. wondered C. said D. realized

  ( )34. A. just B. also C. still D. yet

  ( )35. A. find B. hide C. get D. check

  ( )36. A. a suggestion B. a decision C. the choice D. the preparation

  ( )37. A. put up B. keep from C. hold off D. take up

  ( )38. A. prevent B. keep C. watch D. save

  ( )39. A. protect B. expect C. face D. fight

  ( )40. A. next B. last C. hard D. rest

  ( )41. A. water B. fire C. smoke D. wind

  ( )42. A. success B. tools C. meaning D. help

  ( )43. A. knocking B. leaving C. taking D. getting

  ( )44. A. Funnily B. Fortunately C. Undoubtedly D. Unluckily

  ( )45. A. midnight B. afternoon C. night D. daybreak

  ( )46. A. normally B. almost C. hardly D. only

  ( )47. A. For B. As C. But D. If

  ( )48. A. returned B. removed C. referred D. reported

  ( )49. A. tearfully B. surprisingly C. repeatedly D. thoughtfully

  ( )50. A. special B. lovely C. useful D. valuable

  四 阅读理解 (共15小题;每题2分,共30分)

  阅读下列短文,然后根据短文的内容从每小题的四个选项中选出最佳的一项。

  A

  California State Railroad Museum

  Hours

  The museum is open from 10 a.m. to 5 p.m. daily (except on Thanksgiving, Christmas and New Year’s Day)

  Admission

  $4 adults; $2 students; children aged 5 and under are free.

  Parking

  A small number of metered parking spaces are available (可供使用) on the streets of Old Sacramento. However, these spaces are not suitable for guests visiting longer than 90 minutes. All-day parking is available in large public garages at both ends of Old Sacramento.

  Food Service

  The Silver Palace Restaurant in the Central Pacific Passenger Station serves good food at reasonable prices. It is just one black southwest of the main entrance to the Museum. There are many other restaurants throughout Old Sacramento.

  Accessibility (无障碍通行)

  The California State Railroad Museum is fully accessible to the disabled. Wherever possible, wheelchair lifts are provided. Certain exhibits and programs do have limited accessibility because of the narrow stair ways or door openings on some railroad passenger cars.

  Other Offerings

  Guided tours and films about the Museum are offered daily. There are many other chances at the Museum, too, including related historical attractions within Old Sacramento State Historic Park.

  51. Which of the following is TRUE about the Museum?

  A. Children may visit the Museum any day of the year

  B. Films about the Museum are shown on weekends

  C. A student is admitted at half the regular price

  D. The disabled are admitted free of charge.

  52. Where is a visitor advised to park his car if he’ll spend several hours at the Museum?

  A. In a garage provided by the Museum

  B. On a parking space near the Museum

  C. On a metered parking space on the street.

  D. In a public garage at one end of Old Sacramento.

  53. Where can a visitor enjoy a good but not too expensive meal?

  A. The Silver Palace Restaurant

  B. Any restaurant in Old Sacramento

  C. Old Sacramento State Historic Park

  D. The California State Railroad Museum.

  B

  How Coney Island got its name remains a mystery, though people have found explanations from almost every stage of its history.

  A written record came out in 1924. It says that the island was once the home of the Konoh people. The name Konoh was mispronounced and finally became “Coney.”

  Another explanation finds the name connected with the arrival of Henry Hudson in New York Harbor in 1609. According to it, John Coleman, Hudson’s right-hand man, was killed by Indians. To honor him, people named the island after him.

  The Dutch settled in Manhattan in1624, and they became to Coney Island soon afterwards. Since the Dutch word for rabbit (兔子) was konijn and the island had a large population of wild rabbits, many people have supposed this fact to have led to the name. There was a different story about the Dutch word. The Dutch fought the Indians there and were believed to have said that their enemies “ran like rabbits.”

  According to an article in a magazine, an Irish captain named Peter O’ Connor sailed between New York and Ireland in the late 1700s, and he named Coney Island after an island that was close to his home in Ireland and of the same size as the American island.

  Unfortunately, there is little evidence (证据) that the Dutch, or the English after them, used any word “Coney” for several centuries. There is a lot of evidence, however, that the name Coney Island came into use in the first half the 19th century, after a ferry (渡船) service to carry passengers from the island to the mainland.

  54. According to the passenger, the name Coney______.

  A. was mispronounced by the Konoh Coleman

  B. was given by a man called John Coleman

  C. comes from an island close to the English coast

  D. is close in pronunciation to a Dutch word

  55. It is said that John Coleman ______.

  A. used his right hand better than the left one

  B. was an important assistant of Henry Hudson

  C. killed many Indians in battles in 1609

  D. was the first man to reach the island

  56. The writer believes that the name Coney Island most probably _____.

  A. has a history of less than 200 years

  B. came into use several hundred years ago

  C. was used first by the English, not the Dutch

  D. is related to the sail from New York to Ireland

  57. From the passage we know that the word mystery means something ____.

  A. that history books keep a record of

  B. people have found explanations for

  C. that has not been known enough about

  D. people have not yet thought about

  C

  Ben Carson, a doctor at Johns Hopkins Children’s center, talks about how he grew up in a poor Detroit Neighborhood, when peer (同龄人) pressure almost controlled his behavior and even his clothes. He wanted so badly to be considered cool that he begged his mother to buy him an expensive Italian shirt.

  “My mother made me a deal,” Carson remembers, “She said, ‘I’ll give you all the money I make next week. You’ll be in charge of the family finance (财务)—buying food and other necessities and paying the bills. Whatever you have left over you can spend on whatever you want.’”

  “I thought, this is going to be great,” Carson says, “I bought things we needed most and then began going through the bills. Of course I ran completely out of money long before everything was paid.”

  Then I realized my mother, with her third-grade education, was a financial genius (理财能手)—just to keep food on our table and clothes on our backs with such a small sum of money. I’d been a fool. I wanted her to buy me a $75 shirt when she only took home $100 a week, cleaning other people’s floors and washing their toilets. I took a hard look at my behavior and wondered how I could be so selfish.”

  “I started studying again. My grades went back up to A’s. Some of my peers laughed at me because I did not follow their pattern. But I refused to let that trouble me, because I had a goal.”

  The experience had a lasting effect, “I not only saw and felt the difference my mother made in my life, I am living out that difference as a man.”

  58. When Ben Carson was young, he _______.

  A. wanted to be as cool as other boys of his age

  B. tried to attract girls with his cool manner

  C. was fond of improving family finances

  D. was seldom good at his lessons

  59. By saying “My mother made me a deal”, Ben Carson meant that his mother ____.

  A. refused to buy him the shirt

  B. made an agreement with him

  C. asked him to deal with the problem

  D. showed him how to save money

  60. Ben Carson started studying hard again and rose back to the top because_____.

  A. he had got his shirt anyway

  B. he got his mother as his teacher

  C. he wanted to be a financial genius

  D. he had a better goal to run after

  61. Ben Carson’s story tells us that ______.

  A. a boy should not learn from his peers

  B. he didn’t understand his mother as a boy

  C. what his mother taught him has changed his life

  D. people with little education may become a genius

  D

  Most people can remember a time in their lives when they learned something almost by accident, that is, without consciously (有意识地) trying to learn it. Often this kind of learning happens when we are in fact trying to learn something else. For example, many people learn a number of English words not by memorizing them or studying them directly, but by doing something they enjoy, like listening to popular songs that contain them. Similarly, some people learn words in Chinese or Japanese nit by studying those languages directly, but by studying martial arts, such as kungfu or aikido, in which Chinese or Japanese terms are used. Foreign students in the United States often learn the system (体系) of measurement simply having to shop and cook for themselves. Those activities require them to learn words like pound, gallon, inch and yard.

  Many educators believe that such a kind of learning, generally called content-based learning, is the best way to learn the rules of a system. Supporters of content-based learning argue that people can best understand and remember a system’s basic rules by coming upon them in the context (环境) of that system—not by studying and memorizing them out of context. Therefore, supporters of content-based learning feel that grammatical rules can best be mastered indirectly through reading and writing, rather than by mere memorization. Likewise, they feel that mathematical rules can best be learned by working out real-life problems where such rules are needed to find out the answers. In many cases, our own learning experiences may support the ideas that we have a deeper understanding of rules we find out from context than of those memorized out of context.

  62. By saying “they learned something almost by accident”, the author means “they learned something without _____.”

  A. realizing they are learning it

  B. paying attention to the accident

  C. understanding what they are learning

  D. knowing what they should learn next

  63. Shopping and cooking in a foreign country _____.

  A. are necessary for students studying systems

  B. help one learn measure used in that country

  C. tell one what is needed to learn to live there

  D. require people to know how to measure

  64. Many educators believe that the best way to master the basic rules of a system is ______.

  A. learning them in the context

  B. producing problems from context

  C. memorizing the related words first

  D. fixing attention on the rules themselves

  65. What does the author most probably think of the content-based learning?

  A. He doubts it.

  B. He supports it.

  C. He considers it funny.

  D. He finds it impractical.

  五 补全对话(共5句;每句满分为3分,共15分)

  根据中文提示,将对话中缺少的内容写在线上。这些句子必须符合英语表达习惯。打句号的地方,用陈述句;打问号的地方,用疑问句。

  提示: Michael 突然牙痛,于是到药房买药。药剂师为他检查后推荐了一种药,要他记住每四小时服一粒(pill)。同时叮嘱他如果两天后不见好的话,一定要去医院。

  Pharmacist: Good morning. What can I do for you?

  Michael: ________66____________. What medicines do you think I should take?

  Pharmacist: Let me have a look at your teeth, please. …Oh, it’s nothing serious. You can try this. It’s quite effective.

  Michael: ______67_______?

  Pharmacist: It costs only $8.99 a bottle.

  Michael: OK. One bottle, please.

  Pharmacist: Remember to ________68________________.

  Michael: Sure, I will.

  Pharmacist: ______________69____________________, you’d better go and see the doctor. 69

  Michael: OK. Thank you for your advice. And there is a 10 dollar bill.

  Pharmacist: Thank you, sir. ____70__________, $ 1.01. Hope you’ll be fine soon. Bye. 70

  Michael: Bye.

  六 书面表达(满分30分)

  假定你是李华,打算出国学习计算机科学。现在给在美国工作的表格David Zhang 写信, 了解以下情况:

  1. 需参加的英语考试;

  2. 每学期需修的课程数和费用;

  3. 食宿费用;

  4. 合适的学校。

  注意:1. 词数应为100左右。

  2. 开头语和结束语已为你写好。

  June 1st

  Dear David,

  How are you?

  I meant to write you for some time. ______________I’m looking forward to your reply. Thank you very much.

  Yours,

  Li Hua

  参考答案:

  2005年成人高考学校招生全国统一考试

  英 语

  一、语音知识(共5小题,每题1.5分,共7.5分)

  在下列每组单词中,有一个单词的划线部分与其他单词的划线部分的读音不同。找出这个词,并把它前面的大写字母填入左边的括号里。

  ( )1. A. hour B. four C. flour D. our

  ( )2. A. research B. respect C. disease D. distance

  ( )3. A. feather B. measure C. weather D. league

  ( )4. A. cushion B. butter C. luggage D. cupboard

  ( )5. A. chimney B. chicken C. chemistry D. chairman

  二 词汇与语法知识(共15小题;每题1.5分,共22.5分。)

  从每小题的四个选择项中,选出最佳的一项,并把它前面的大写字母填入左边的括号里

  ( )6. I arranged to meet Mr. Jones here. I hope I haven’t ______ him.

  A. forgotten B. missed C. lost D. passed

  ( )7. They have three reasons for keeping their marriage ______ secret for _____ moment.

  A. a; 不填 B. the; a C. 不填; the D. a; the

  ( )8. Not until very late that afternoon ______ the news that his daughter won the match.

  A. did the father get B. the father got

  C. the father did get D. got the father

  ( )9.Something must be done immediately if these wild animals ______ saved.

  A. will be B. were C. are about to be D. are to be

  ( )10. Michael _____ to pass the examination at his second attempt.

  A. succeeded B. completed C. realized D. managed

  ( )11. – My watch stopped.

  -- You ______ have forgotten to wind it.

  A. should B. must C. can D. may

  ( )12. Helen made ____to visit her parents once a month, but she didn’t keep it.

  A. an offer B. a decision C. an effort D. a promise

  ( )13. Don’t worry about Susan; she just feels like _____ home alone tonight.

  A. to stay B. stay C. staying D. having stayed

  ( )14. Neither my wife nor I ______ able to persuade our daughter to change her mind.

  A. am B. are C. have been D. is

  ( )15. This is the washing machine ____ we have had so much trouble.

  A. at which B. with which C. of which D. in which

  ( )16. Mary has a lot of letters to write today. She ___ all afternoon and she _____ yet.

  A. has been writing; hasn’t finished B. has written; hasn’t finished

  C. writes; doesn’t finish D. wrote; didn’t finish

  ( )17. As we knew, Xu HaiFeng won the first gold medal for China at the 23rd Olympic Games____ in Los Angeles.

  A. being held B. to be held C. having been held D. held

  ( )18. The driving test was difficult for me, but I finally ____ it.

  A. got back to B. got along with C. got through D. got into

  ( )19. – Why are you so late, Jim?

  -- Sorry. We _____ in heavy traffic for about an hour.

  A. have stuck B. are stuck C. stuck D. were stuck

  ( )20. The teachers decided to put off the meeting till next week, ___ they won’t be so busy.

  A. since B. as C. when D. while 三 完形填空(共20小题;每题1.5分,共30分)

  通读下面的短文,掌握其大意。然后,从每小题的四个选择项中选出可填入相应空白处的最佳选项。

  Here is a story which I heard from my father yesterday evening over tea. One of his friends had _21__ been to the Himalayas, the famous mountain range in the world. While he was _22__ along the mountain paths, he came _23__ a few other visitors. _24__ the visitors were an old lady and her grandson. The small child _25__ the beautiful mountains and snow-capped peaks(山峰). He said to his grandmother: “How _26__ these mountains are! Can we take them _27__, grandma? ” The old woman _28_ and said, “Dear, if some child like you had taken them away _29__, would you have had a _30__ to see them? Now if we take these mountains away today, then tomorrow, _31__ child will not have the chance to _32__ these beautiful things. Don’t you _33__ they are so nice that everyone should see and _34__ them?”

  What a noble _35__! Our lives become _36__ only when we learn the _37___ of everything and give up our _38__ to have everything for ourselves. Just as the saying goes, “ The rich man is not the one who has the _39__, but one who _40__ the least.”

  ( )21. A. nearly B. already C. almost D. recently

  ( )22. A. marching B. walking C. following D. running

  ( )23. A. across B. to C. for D. around

  ( )24. A. Besides B. About C. Between D. Among

  ( )25. A. discovered B. recognized C. admitted D. attracted

  ( )26. A. cold B. nice C. wide D. far

  ( )27. A. home B. together C. down D. off

  ( )28. A. worried B. agreed C. smiled D. cheered

  ( )29. A. once B. tomorrow C. sometimes D. yesterday

  ( )30. A. day B. chance C. time D. moment

  ( )31. A. each B. other C. another D. that

  ( )32. A. show B. take C. own D. see

  ( )33. A. think B. guess C. mean D. say

  ( )34. A. take B. have C. welcome D. enjoy

  ( )35. A. thought B. language C. lesson D. feeling

  ( )36. A. useful B. successful C. meaningful D. helpful\

  ( )37. A. price B. value C. nature D. result

  ( )38. A. reasons B. desires C. struggle D. purpose

  ( )39. A. time B. position C. most D. best

  ( )40. A. needs B. has C. collects D. help

  四 阅读理解 (共15小题;每题3分,共45分)

  阅读下列短文,然后根据短文的内容从每小题的四个选项中选出最佳的一项。

  A

  Grammar is the way a language works. People sometimes describe grammar as the “rules” of a language; but in fact no natural languages have rules. If we use the word “rules”, we suggest that somebody made the rules first and then spoke the language, like a new game. But languages did not start like that. Languages were started by people making sounds which gradually changed into words, phrases and sentences. No commonly-spoken language is fixed. All languages change over time. What we call grammar is simply a description of a language at a particular time.

  Do we need to study grammar to learn a language? The short answer is “No”. Very many people in the world speak their own native language without having studied its grammar. Children start to speak before they even know the word “grammar”. But if you are serious about learning a foreign language, the long answer is “Yes, grammar can help you to learn a language more quickly.” It’s important to think of grammar as something that can help you, like a friend. When you understand the grammar of a language, you can understand many things yourself, without having to ask a teacher or look in a book.

  So think of grammar as something good, something helpful, something you can use to find your way like a signpost or a map.

  41. The author holds that if grammar is described as “rules”, it would suggest that _____.

  A. rules must be made to speak the language

  B. language goes before grammar

  C. rules are fixed by language

  D. language is not a new game

  42. From Paragraph 1 we can see that _____.

  A. language is changing, so is its grammar

  B. grammar must be simple to describe a language

  C. languages were formed by people now and then

  D. grammar should be changed at a particular time

  43. According to the author grammar helps when ______.

  A. we look up something in a book B. we ask someone to make rules

  C. we speak our native language D. we learn a foreign language

  44. Which of the following would be the best title for this passage?

  A. Grammar Is the Rules of a Language

  B. The Change of Language

  C. Grammar Is Your Friend

  D. How to Study Grammar

  B

  In the late 1990s scientists began to notice changes in Yellowstone National Park. Trees that had stopped growing for years began to grow again. Animals started behaving differently. Scientists believe it is the wolves that have caused these changes.

  Wolves used to live in Yellowstone. But many people thought wolves would kill animals kept on farms, such as cows and sheep, and they would harm crops, too. In 1926 the last wolf in Yellowstone was killed.

  For the next 70 years Yellowstone did not have any wolves. Scientists decided to bring them back to the area in 1995. The U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service brought in 15 gray wolves from Canada. Today between 250 and 300 wolves live in Yellowstone—and they have already left their mark.

  Wolves have been hunting and eating elk. The elk leftovers (驯鹿被吃剩的部分) provide food for animals such as bears. With fewer elk, plants can grow better and taller. This new plant growth provides more trees for birds and more plant food for beavers. The number of beavers in northern Yellowstone has increase greatly since wolves were reintroduced.

  Wolves have such a big effect on Yellowstone because they are a keystone species (物种). Keystone species are species on which a large number of other plants and animals depend. The removal of a keystone species can lead to the death of other species.

  However, not everyone is happy with the wolves’ return. Farmers want to limit the number of wolves in the area, because if there are too many wolves, they may have not only their cows and sheep killed by wolves, but also their cats, dogs, and horses.

  Still, many scientists believe that Yellowstone is starting to look more like it did before people began to kill wolves there.

  45. Which of the following is true according to the passage?

  A. Wolves have played an important role in Yellowstone for 70 years

  B. Wolves in Yellowstone had all been killed by the mid-1920s

  C. Yellowstone had no wolves at the beginning of the 20th century

  D. Yellowstone can hold no more than 300 wolves today

  46. The sentence “… they have already left their mark” most probably means in the passage that _____.

  A. they have brought about changes to Yellowstone

  B. they have made marks where they can get food

  C. they have left a lot of footprints in the park

  D. they have marked out the areas of their own

  47. What is the immediate change after 15 wolves were brought in?

  A. Plants grow taller and better

  B. Beavers have increased greatly

  C. The number of elk is reduced

  D. Cows and sheep are killed on farms

  48. It seems to be a wise decision to have brought wolves back to Yellowstone because ____.

  A. wolves can depend on themselves to find food

  B. a national park should introduce foreign animals

  C. a national park should have different kinds of animals

  D. wolves are necessary for many other animals and plants to live

  C

  In most of the United States, students attend classes for 5 days each week. Schools are required to hold classes for about 180 days a year. Recently, schools in some areas of the country have begun experimenting with the new teaching arrangement of holding classes for 4 days a week. Classes would meet their Monday through Thursday, or Tuesday through Friday. Some schools in 12 American states are now using that schedule (日程安排).

  The students still have the same number of total hours in class as before. But they attend school for a longer time on each of the 4 days. In Colorado, schools on the four-day week hold classes for seven-and-one-half hours a day for 144 days. Traditional (传统的) schools meet for 6 hours a day for 180 days.

  Many schools on a four-day schedule offer special programs, trips or sports meets on the fifth day. Officials say this gives students even more time in class than on the traditional schedule. Students do not have to miss school to go to the events. They can also go to doctors or deal with other important affairs on the fifth day.

  The main reason for shortening the school week is that many schools can save money by not providing meals or transportation for students on the fifth day. And they say research shows that students are not harmed by the shorter week.

  49. How many teaching hours do most of the schools have in the U.S.?

  A. 6 hours for 4 days a week B. 6 hours for 5 days a week

  C. 7.5 hours for 4 days a week D. 7.5 hours for 5 days a week

  50. What change does the four-day school week bring about?

  A. Students attend classes for 180 days a year

  B. Students have fewer class hours than before

  C. Students take part in more after-class activities

  D. Students have to take special programs on the fifth day

  51. Which of the following is true about the four-day schedule?

  A. It is being practiced in some states

  B. It is being planned all over the country

  C. It helps students save money for meals

  D. It prevents small schools from closing down

  D

  After then years of being a housewife and a mother, Carol could not stand it any longer. Then, one morning, just after her two daughters had gone to school, she saw an advertisement(广告)in the paper. She phoned, and was asked to come to an interview(面谈) that very afternoon.

  Mr. Hollins, who interviewed her, was a young man about 24 in a black suit. There was a hard look in his eye and he talked very fast. He told her she would be required to stop men between the ages of 21 and 50 and ask them several questions designed to determine what men think of deodorants. The information was to be recorded and she would be paid according to the number of complete interviews she had.

  When Carol asked which factory the research was for, she was told that was not important. Last of all, before she began she would have to attend a one-day training. Carol accepted. After the training, which was only about how to write down the answers correctly in a form and how to put the questions, Carol found herself in the center of town at 9:30 in the morning. She soon found out that getting the information was really not at all that easy.

  First, she stopped a man who refused to answer any questions because he had no time. Next, a man told her it was none of her business whether he used deodorants or not. Then she interviewed a man who was hard of hearing and, instead of answering her questions, began asking her all sorts of his own. Finally, Carol found a young man with a pleasant smile on his face. He was coming towards her slowly and seemed ready to talk. He looked surprised when she put her first question. “I’m doing a research, too. It’s about soap powders,” he said.

  52. Mr. Hollins told Carol that she was required _______.

  A. to record what she heard in the streets

  B. to collect men’s opinions on a product

  C. to pay visits to men aged 21 through 50

  D. to stop people who were using the product

  53. Before Carol started to work, she learned how to _____.

  A. fill her personal information in a form

  B. receive training that might help her do the job

  C. put the information collected in the form provided

  D. ask interesting questions in the training course

  54. What can we know about the third man Carol stopped in the town center?

  A. He was impatient to listen to Carol

  B. He was ready to answer Carol’s questions

  C. He found it hard to believe what Carol said

  D. He had trouble getting what Carol was saying

  55. Carol found in her work that _____.

  A. few people were willing to answer her questions

  B. it was not easy to make herself understood

  C. men did not like her questions very much

  D. young people were more helpful

  五 补全对话(共5句;每句满分为3分,共15分)

  根据中文提示,将对话中缺少的内容写在线上。这些句子必须符合英语表达习惯。打句号的地方,用陈述句;打问号的地方,用疑问句。

  提示:Mary在一家电器店买了一台录音机,回去后发现机器不转,便拿来要求退货。店员请她指出问题,并表示愿意替她修理。经检查发现是电源未接通。

  (S= shop assistant M=Mary)

  S: Morning, ___________________________, miss?

  M: Uh, I’d like to return this tape recorder and get my money back.

  S: ________________________?

  M: It doesn’t work.

  S: I’m very sorry, but _____________________________.

  M: I got this recorder only yesterday. Are you sure it won’t wrong again?

  S: The service department in our store is quite good at that sort of thing. _______________________what the trouble is.

  M: It simply doesn’t work. You see, none of the button work. Try it yourself.

  S: OK. Let me see. Oh, ___________________, miss. Now it works very well.

  六 书面表达(满分30分)

  假定你是中国文化知识大赛组委会主席,写信祝贺参赛选手John Smith 获本次大赛一等奖,并通知其以下事项:

  1. 出席12月10日晚在北京友谊宾馆举行的庆祝晚会;

  2. 赢得了免费中国10日游;

  3. 如果能够参加旅游,应将信中所附表格填好,并准备好护照(passport).组委会将负责其他相关事宜。

  注意:词数应为100左右。

  October 17, 2005

  Dear Mr. John Smith,

  ________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

  ________________________________________________________________________________

  Sincerely Yours,

  Li Hua

  Chair

  Committee of the Chinese Culture Contest

  2006年成人高考学校招生全国统一考试

  英 语

  一、语音知识(共5小题,每题1.5分,共7.5分)

  在下列每组单词中,有一个单词的划线部分与其他单词的划线部分的读音不同。找出这个词,并把它前面的大写字母填入左边的括号里。

  ( ) 1. A. therefore B. through C. theater D. thirsty

  ( ) 2. A. ground B. blouse C. cousin D. thousand

  ( ) 3. A. gather B. gentle C. goat D. gold

  ( ) 4. A. comb B. globe C. smoke D. clock

  ( ) 5. A. treat B. head C. leaf D. cheap

  二 词汇与语法知识(共15小题;每题1.5分,共22.5分。)

  从每小题的四个选择项中,选出最佳的一项,并把它前面的大写字母填入左边的括号里。

  ( ) 6. – Thank you for coming to meet me.

  --___________.

  A. I’m fine B. My duty C. Nice to meet you D. My pleasure

  ( ) 7. It was really kind ______you to help me with my homework.

  A. about B. for C. of D. to

  ( ) 8. – Is James coming with us?

  -- No, he can’t—he _____ for his exams.

  A. has studied B. studies C. studied D. is studying

  ( ) 9. I was caught in a heavy rain. I ____ have brought an umbrella.

  A. could B. should C. must D. could

  ( ) 10. It is hard to imagine how people will _______ the winter without electricity.

  A. get away B. get in C. get out D. get through

  ( ) 11. – Is there any bathroom on this floor?

  --No, please go _______, on your right.

  A. upstairs B. ahead C. straight D. away

  ( ) 12. ______ we did was call Susan to tell her we wouldn’t be back till Tuesday afternoon.

  A. How B. That C. What D. Which

  ( ) 13. Keep practicing, and your English will ________.

  A. improve B. be improving C. have improved D. have been improving

  ( ) 14. You can choose _____ apples, oranges or bananas.

  A. all B. both C. either D. neither

  ( ) 15. Michael used to look nervous when _____.

  A. scold B. to be scolded C. scolding D. scolded

  ( ) 16. I’m afraid I cannot_____ two hours for the film tonight.

  A. afford B. cost C. save D take

  ( ) 17. George cooked me a meal, _____ was a first for him.

  A. what B. when C. who D. which

  ( ) 18. The number of girls receiving college education__________ in the country during the past 10 years.

  A. is doubled B. has doubled C. was doubled D. had doubled

  ( ) 19. Don’t forget _____ your mum tomorrow.

  A. calling B. to call C. to have called D. having called

  ( ) 20. The thief had disappeared ______ the boy could stop him.

  A. as B. once C. before D. until

  三 完形填空(共15小题;每题2分,共30分)

  通读下面的短文,掌握其大意。然后,从每小题的四个选择项中选出可填入相应空白处的最佳选项。

  “Dad, can you tell me how to get rich?”

  My dad put down the evening paper, “_21__ do you wan to get rich, my son?”

  “Because today Jimmy’s mom _22__ up in their new car, and they were going to their beach house for the weekend. He _23__ three of his friends_24__. Mike and I weren’t invited. They told us we weren’t invited because we were ‘__25__ kids (孩子)’.”

  “They _26__?” my father asked unbelievably.

  “Yeah.” I replied in a _27__ voice.

  My dad silently _28__ his head, and went back to reading the paper. I stood waiting for _29__.

  I _30__ the same public school where the rich people sent their kids. That was because my _31__ lived on one side of the street. Had I lived on the other side of the street, I would have gone to a _32__ school, with kids from families more like mine.

  My dad finally put down the paper. I could _33__ he was thinking.

  “Well, son,” he began slowly. “If you want to be rich, you have to _34__ use your head, son,” he said, smiling. He really _35__ that.

  ( ) 21. A. How B. What C. When D. Why

  ( ) 22. A. drove B. rode C. stepped D. walked

  ( ) 23. A. carried B. called C. found D. took

  ( ) 24. A. but B. for C. so D. then

  ( ) 25. A. bad B. poor C. weak D. young

  ( ) 26. A. did B. didn’t C. were D. weren’t

  ( ) 27. A. broken B. gentle C. hurt D. pleasing

  ( ) 28. A. struck B. shook C. held D. raised

  ( ) 29. A. an answer B. blame C. praise D. a question

  ( ) 30. A. left B. liked C. began D. attended

  ( ) 31. A. room B. house C. family D. home

  ( ) 32. A. close B. different C. modern D. similar

  ( ) 33. A. realize B. recognize C. tell D. understand

  ( ) 34. A. attempt B. continue C. learn D. manage

  ( ) 35. A. said B. meant C. felt D. considered   四 阅读理解 (共15小题;每题2分,共30分)

  阅读下列短文,然后根据短文的内容从每小题的四个选项中选出最佳的一项。

  A

  Up to now, you have probably spent most of your time o English grammar and new words. You already know quite a lot about what the rules of English grammar are, and how to form sentences in English. This knowledge is necessary for you to continue your study, but it is not enough for you to speak English well. In order to develop conversational listening and speaking skills, you need practice in these skills, and this is what this textbook aims to give you.

  Each unit in this book does not aim at grammar. Instead, the main goal of each unit is to provide conversational tasks or functions (功能) such as introducing yourself, talking about likes and dislikes, and inviting someone to go somewhere. In order to take part in English conversation, it is necessary to learn how these and other basic functions are used in English.

  At the end of each unit, you and your classmates will work together to solve (解决) a problem based on the functions you have just learned.

  This book gives you chances to listen to native speakers. It also gives you guided practice in developing conversational skills.

  36. What does this book aim to provide for the user?

  A. Knowledge about grammar rules

  B. Ways to remember new English words

  C. Exercises for skills to form sentences in English

  D. Practice in conversational listening and speaking skills

  37. At the end of each unit learners are required _______.

  A. to perform a task B. to make a travel plan

  C. to introduce a classmate D. to learn another function

  38. This book is probably written for English learners_______.

  A. who have never listened to native speakers

  B. who have no idea how to solve language problems

  C. who know some grammar but are weak at speaking

  D. who know some functions but need to practice them

  B

  I always feel sorry for world learners busy dealing with fights between nations. When my three children were young, most days it was hard keeping my house from becoming a battlefield.

  It got worse as they grew older. Three years ago, Zack, then 16, couldn’t make it through a day without making his sisters, Alex 11 and Taryn 9, angry.

  My husband and I tried to be understanding the boy at such an age. We reasoned, punished, and left heartfelt notes on his bed about how he was hurting our family. His answer was “I say it because it’s true.”

  I even tried telling the girls to fight back. Bad idea. Now I had three children at war. When there was no way out, I told everything to my sister in an e-mail. She replied, “Don’t e-mail me. E-mail him.”

  Our son was online (上网) every day, mailing and talking with his friends. Maybe he would actually hear me this way. I didn’t say anything different, but e-mail just took the tension(紧张气氛) away. There’s be no shouting or door banging. Zack wouldn’t feel under attack.

  Zack didn’t reply for days. When he finally did, his entire message was four small words. I smiled when I read them: “You’re right. I’m sorry.”

  The children still fought, of course, but Zack changed. Best of all, I now have a better way to talk with not one but three of them. I like that they don’t tune me out as much. They like not having to listen to me shouting to them. Or as Alex says, “You’re so much nicer online.”

  All I know is that the house is quiet, but we’re talking.

  39. What was the trouble before the online talk in the family?

  A. The writer failed to understand her daughters.

  B. The children couldn’t get along peacefully.

  C. The family found it difficult to keep the house clean.

  D. The parents were not willing to talk with their children.

  40. Which of the following did the writer try to deal with her son?

  A. Talking with him about his pain.

  B. Telling him about the truth of the family.

  C. Telling her daughters to keep away from him.

  D. Encouraging her daughters to fight against him.

  41. The writer e-mailed her sister_______.

  A. to tell her the family problem

  B. hoping she’d e-mailed the boy

  C. asking about child-raising

  D. to reduce the tension

  42. Tune me out in the passage probably means “_______”

  A. quarrel with me B. get angry with me

  C. pay no attention to me D. keep me out of their room

  C

  Hundreds of thousands of young children are being given mobiles(移动电话) by their parents against official health advice. One in nine five-to-nine-year olds has a mobile. This will rise to one in five in a year or two, making this the fastest growing group of mobile users.

  A report on mobile safety says that while it is not sure whether they hurt users, children should not be allowed to use mobiles as much as grown-ups. This is because their brains are still developing and their bones are thinner, making it easier for mobile phone radio waves to pass through them. Mobile phone companies say they do not aim at under-16s, although some of their mobiles are designed to interest younger children.

  Many of the mobiles are paid for as a safety measure so that the child can always call a parent when necessary. However, when children see that their friends have a mobile, it can become popular among them.

  Professor Colin at Oxford University, who studies mobile phone radio waves, told BBC News “It’s new technology(技术) and the science is still developing. We have to be very careful about children—if there are any effects they would hurt young children more than grown-ups.” He suggested that children should be encouraged to use text messages rather than spoken conversations, this would reduce the amount of radio waves greatly.

  43. Which age group of mobile users is increasing fastest?

  A. From 1 to 5 B. From 5 to 9

  C. From 9 to 16 D. Above 16

  44. What do mobile phone companies say about their business?

  A. They make mobiles for those over 16.

  B. They don’t serve those who are under 16.

  C. Their designers know the brains of children users.

  D.Younger children are more interested in their mobiles.

  45. According to Professor Colin, which of the following is TRUE?

  A. Reducing radio waves is a hard task for scientists.

  B. Children should not be allowed to use mobiles.

  C. Scientists usually care for young children more than grown-ups.

  D. Sending each other text message is safer than regular calling.

  46. What do you think is the purpose of this passage?

  A. To make known that children mobile users are increasing very fast.

  B. To warn people about the danger of children using mobiles.

  C. To discuss the effects of mobile phone radio waves.

  D. To teach people a safe way of using mobiles.   D

  When memories of holiday pumpkin pies (南瓜馅饼) are not fresh any more, large-pumpkin growers are already planning next year’s crop. Every year farmers around the world work very hard to see who can grow the world’s largest pumpkin.

  The present world record belongs to Steve Daletas of Oregon. His pumpkin weighted 1,385 pounds (682 kilograms). That’s heavier than large bears! In August the pumpkin grew 29 pounds (13 kilograms) per day! Our reporter spoke with Andrew Sabin, who was one of the organizers of the 2003 Large-Pumpkin Weighing Competition (比赛).

  To grow a large pumpkin, Sabin explained, you need the right seed and the right soil, and a lot of hard work. “It’s like a baby, ” he said, “You look at your baby every day.”

  All the hard work leads up to the weighing competitions, which usually take place in October. Top prize winners can earn thousands of dollars.

  Just getting the large pumpkins away from the farm can be very difficult. The pumpkins are so heavy that farmers often have to use forklifts (叉车) to move them.

  What do farmers do with the large pumpkins after the competition? According to Sabin, restaurants often buy the pumpkins for show. Top winners can also sell their pumpkin seeds to other farmers hoping to beat the world record the next year.

  Would the large pumpkins be made into pumpkin pies? Not likely, Sabin said. “They don’t taste so good as the small pumpkins that are grown to eat.”

  Animals seem to like them though—at least one large pumpkin was fed to an elephant at the Oregon Zoo!

  47. Which of the following is TRUE of the passage?

  A. People continue to pay attention to holiday pumpkin pies.

  B. Farmers in the world are eager to grow pumpkins for food.

  C. Farmers try their best to grow pumpkins as large as possible.

  D. Pumpkin growers find it difficult to plan the next year’s farming.

  48. What can we know about Steve Dalctas from the passage?

  A. His pumpkin is the heaviest in the world.

  B. His farm has grown 1,385 pounds of pumpkins.

  C. He tries to find bears heavier than his pumpkin.

  D. He is an organizer of the 2003 pumpkin competition.

  49. What does It refer to in “It’s like a baby”?

  A. Seed B. Pumpkin C. Soil

  50. What might happen to the largest pumpkins after the competition?

  A. Winners move them back to their farms.

  B. The Oregon Zoo uses them to attract visitors.

  C. Their seeds are sold to the farmers who need them.

  D. Some restaurants make huge pumpkin pies with them.

  五 补全对话 (共5句;每句满分3分,共15分)

  根据中文提示,将对话中缺少的内容写在线上。这些句子必须符合英语表达习惯。打句号的地方,用陈述句;打问号的地方,用疑问句。

  提示:一位女士在商店为儿子挑选T恤衫,大小和式样都合适,也有喜欢的颜色,但价格太高。( Shop Assistant= S; Customer= C)

  S: Good morning, madam. _______________51______________________ ?

  C: Yes. You see, I’m looking for a T-shirt for my son.

  S: We have a large variety of T-shirts. What about this one?

  C: Oh, I like it. ___________52__________________?

  S: Let me see… Size 4, 6 …Yes, we have size 8. Here you are.

  C: Um, but I don’t really like the color. ____________53______________________?

  S: Yes, we always have pink, orange, black, blue and…

  C: Good, I think blue is nice. _________54_______________?

  S: It’s $ 50.

  C: Oh, really? I’m afraid __________55_____________. I’ll have to think about it.

  六 书面表达 (满分30分)

  Tim多年前曾在宁波工作,他告诉老朋友大鹏最近要来宁波,希望看看中国的变化。假设你是大鹏,请给Tim回封信,告诉他:

  1. 欢迎他来宁波;

  2. 为他预定宾馆;

  3. 建议去义乌:新的国际化大市场,很多外国商人在那里采购;离宁波不远,来回最多只需两天。

  注意:1. 开头和结尾已经为你写好; 2. 词数应为100 左右。

  Dear Tim,

  _____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ What do you think about it?

  I’m looking forward to your coming.

  Best,

  Da Peng